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Phonics

Phonics at Haslemere 2013

At Haslemere we aim to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. We follow Letters and Sounds, a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills to children from Nursery, with the aim of them becoming fluent by the end of Key Stage 1. For those children that need to consolidate their phonic knowledge and skills throughout Key Stage 2, it is taught to them based upon their individual needs. The phonics programme is broken down into six overlapping phases.

Phase

Phonic Knowledge & skills

Phase One (Nursery)

 

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two (Nursery/Reception)

 

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three (Reception/Year 1)

 

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four (Reception/Year 1/ Year 2)

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five

(Year 1/ Year 2)

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase Six

(Year 1/ Year 2)

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.

 

As with any learning development, if a child displays higher phonic skills they will be moved through to the next phonic band; their learning will not be capped by their age / year group. The same as if a child is performing below the expected phase; they will be supported with extra groups and other interventions to bring their phonic development on.

At the end of Year 1 all children are expected to take part in a phonics screening check in which they will be asked to identify a list of 40 words, of which will be a mixture of real and pseudo words. Children are required to be able to accurately read 32+ of the words in order for them to pass the screening check. Those children that are unable to do so will be able to try again at the end of Key Stage 1 in the Year 2 Phonic screening check.

The results of the year 1 and year 2 phonic checks are published and reported to parents at the end of the year.